Discover Vintage America - SEPTMEBER 2016
Campeche chairs were favored for front-porch lounging
Q: Hi, I found a very unique dish at an auction. It has this wire basket around it and I can only think it may have been for rolls or something of that nature. The marks on the bottom are YEDDO U&C Sarreguemines. All of these words are inside of a decorative oval design. Can you tell me anything about this dish? Thanks so much for your help!
A: I adore vintage plates and platters with wire wrapped "frames" around the outer edge. They add a little extra something to a plate and in your case it equips the platter with wire wrapped handles, which make carrying the platter to the table much easier.
Now to the back stamps on your platter – Yeddo is the pattern name. You will find this Asian-inspired pattern produced by several British companies such as Ridgeway Sparks and Ridgeway, Keeling and Co. and Royal Staffordshire. The pattern technique is actually called transferware, the decoration is on a piece of paper which is placed on the plain greenware and the pattern is transferred to the greenware. It is not hand-painted. You can find the pattern in a variety of colors.
The marks U&C and Sarreguemines are combination of two companies: Porzellanfabrik Utzschneider & Cie. and later Sarreguemines. Both have a long history. The factory was in Lorraine, a long-contested region, once in Germany and now a part of France.
The factory began production in 1790 when Nicolas-Henri Jacobi and a couple of partners purchased an old mill and turned it in to a stone-grinding mill. Because of the difficulties in obtaining raw materials needed to craft porcelain, pottery or faience, plus competition from French and British factories and finally the French Revolution, the company closed in 1800.
In 1800 Paul Utzschneider from Bavaria, took over the factory and introduced new decorating techniques. Napoleon I became one of his best customers and ordered several pieces. The business increased rapidly, and the firm had to open new workshops and acquire several mills.
The company grew greatly during the 19th century despite Lorraine's ping-ponging between France and Germany several times. In 1913 Utzschneider & Cie. split into two companies, one responsible for the factory in Sarreguemines and the other for the French factories.
Porzellanfabrik Utzschneider & Cie. continued operations until 1919, when the factories were once again united under the name of Sarreguemines and were run by the Cazal family. During WWII the faience factories were taken over and operation was given to Villeroy & Boch, somewhere from 1942 to 1945. In 1979 the factories once again changed hands and was operated by the Lunevill-Badonviller- St. Clement group. In 1982 the company was renamed Sarreguemines-Batiment.
The factory is still in operation on a limited basis.
There is also some controversy over the back stamps, of which there were many. It does require a basic knowledge of history to determine when some of these marks were used, such as the Lorraine coat of arms with the words "Made in Germany."
The wirework was more than likely purchased from a local metalworker and was added to the platter just to enhance the beauty.
Based on the mark on the bottom of the platter it dates to about 1900. You did not mention the dimensions of the platter but it looks to be about 13" long not including the wirework. While it is a lovely piece it does not have a high retail value. I place the value at $25-$30, the reason I did price it a bit higher is due to the wire work.
Note: All prices given are for sale in a private sale, antique shop or other resale outlet. Price is also dependent upon the geographic area in which you are selling. Auction value, selling to a dealer or pawnshop prices are about half or less of resale value.
Michelle Staley is a Lenexa, KS-based dealer and researcher with 35 years of experience in the antique trade. Send questions with photos to Michelle to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please keep queries to one question; questions without photos of the item may not be answered. Michelle is also available for consulting and extensive research work beyond this column. If you would like an appraisal on an antique or collectible please go to www.michelleknowsantiques.com for a one-on-one appraisal.